Exterior hemorrhoids are a common medical condition that affects many people. They occur when the veins in the anus or rectum become swollen and inflamed. While external hemorrhoids are often less severe than internal hemorrhoids, they can still be uncomfortable and painful. This blog post will discuss the causes, the symptoms, and the treatment options for external hemorrhoids.
Causes of External Hemorrhoids
External hemorrhoids are caused by increased pressure in the veins of the rectum and anus. This pressure can be caused by several factors, including:
- Straining during bowel movements
- Sitting for long periods
- Chronic constipation or diarrhea
Symptoms of External Hemorrhoids
The symptoms of external hemorrhoids can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Common symptoms include:
- Pain or discomfort in the anal area
- Swelling or inflammation around the anus
- Itching or irritation in the anal area
- Bleeding during bowel movements
- A lump or mass near the anus
- Difficulty or pain during bowel movements
Treatment Options for External Hemorrhoids
There are several treatment options available for the external hemorrhoids. The most common treatments include:
Over-the-counter creams and ointments
These products can help to reduce swelling and relieve pain and itching. They often contain ingredients like witch hazel or hydrocortisone.
Sitting in a warm bath will help to reduce swelling and relieve discomfort.
Applying a cold pack to the anal area can help to reduce swelling and relieve pain.
In some cases, prescription medications may be necessary to treat external hemorrhoids. These may include topical or oral medications to reduce inflammation or relieve pain.
In severe cases the surgery may be necessary to remove hemorrhoids. This is typically only considered after other treatments have been unsuccessful.
Preventing External Hemorrhoids
There are so many steps you can take to prevent external hemorrhoids from developing. These include:
- Eating a high-fiber diet – Fiber can help prevent constipation and strain during bowel movements.
- Drinking plenty of water – Staying hydrated can help to keep stool soft and prevent constipation.
- Exercising regularly – Regular exercise can help to promote healthy bowel movements and reduce the risk of hemorrhoids.
- Avoid sitting for long periods – Taking breaks, standing up, and moving around regularly can help prevent pressure on the veins in anus and rectum.
- Practicing good hygiene – Keeping the anal area clean and dry can help to prevent infection and irritation.
External hemorrhoids are a common medical condition that affects many people. While they can be uncomfortable and painful, many treatment options are available to relieve symptoms and promote healing. You can reduce your risk of developing this condition by preventing hemorrhoids from developing, such as eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly. If you are experiencing symptoms of external hemorrhoids, you must talk to your healthcare provider to determine the best treatment for your needs.