Hemorrhoid is a common condition that affects millions of people around the world. They are swollen veins in the lower rectum and anus that can cause discomfort, pain, and bleeding. Hemorrhoid can be either internal or external, with external hemorrhoids being the most common type. This blog will discuss exterior hemorrhoids, their causes, symptoms, and treatment options.
Exterior or external hemorrhoids are located under the skin around the anus. They are formed when the veins in the area become swollen and inflamed, causing pain and discomfort. External hemorrhoids can be very painful, especially when sitting or having a bowel movement. They can also bleed and cause itching and irritation in the surrounding skin.
Here are several factors can increase the risk of developing exterior hemorrhoids. These include:
Straining during bowel movements:
Straining during bowel movements puts pressure on veins in the anus and rectum, which can cause them to become swollen.
Sitting for prolonged periods:
Sitting for a long periods, especially on hard surfaces, can put the pressure on the veins in the anus and rectum, leading to hemorrhoids.
The increased pressure on veins in the pelvic area during the pregnancy can cause hemorrhoids to develop.
Being overweight or also obese puts extra pressure on veins in the anus and rectum, making hemorrhoids more likely to develop.
As we age, the tissues in the anus and rectum become weaker, making hemorrhoids more common.
The symptoms of exterior hemorrhoids can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Some common symptoms include:
- Pain or discomfort around the anus
- Itching and irritation in the surrounding skin
- Swelling and inflammation around the anus
- Bleeding during bowel movements
- A lump or protrusion around the anus
- Difficulty sitting or having a bowel movement
If you experience any of these symptoms, seeing a doctor for a proper diagnosis and treatment is essential.
Treatment for exterior hemorrhoids depends on the severity of the condition. In mild cases, home remedies such as soaking in a warm bath, using a cold compress, and applying over-the-counter creams and ointments can help relieve symptoms. Over the counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen can also help reduce pain and inflammation.
For more severe cases, your doctor may recommend medical treatments such as:
Rubber band ligation:
This is a procedure in which a rubber band is placed around the base of the hemorrhoid, cutting off its blood supply and causing it to shrink and fall off.
In this procedure, a chemical solution is injected into hemorrhoid, causing it to shrink and disappear.
This is a procedure in which heat is applied to hemorrhoid, causing it to shrink and disappear.
This is a surgical procedure in which the hemorrhoid is removed.
Preventing exterior hemorrhoids involves making lifestyle changes to reduce the risk factors. These include:
- Eating a high-fiber diet: A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help prevent constipation and reduce the risk of hemorrhoids.
- Drinking plenty of water: Staying hydrated can help keep stools soft and prevent constipation.
- Exercising regularly: Regular exercise can help keep the digestive system healthy and reduce the risk of hemorrhoids.
- Avoid sitting for prolonged periods: Taking breaks, standing up, and moving around can help reduce pressure on veins in the anus and rectum.
- Practicing good hygiene: Keeping the anal area clean and dry can help prevent irritation and infection.